The Pan Grave Culture

The carriers of this specific Nubian culture are thought to have been nomads from the Eastern Desert and are identified with the Medjay (later the Bedja) of the Egyptian texts – a designation of the desert Nubians in contrast to the Nehesy-Nubians of the Nile valley. This may be the correct assessment for a part of this population. The Medja land is known, however, since the late Old Kingdom and seems to have been situated near the Nile. Since king… Read More

The X Group or Ballana Culture

…”Archaeologically, the post-Meroitic dark age in Lower Nubia is filled by the cultural remains which Reisner designated sixty years ago as the “X Group”. … …”As always, Reisner interpreted the unfamiliar “X Group” grave type as evidence of the coming of a new people… The cultural theories of Reisner found instant confirmation in the anatomical evidence of the X-Group skeletons as adduced by Elliot Smith: “The X Group people were strongly Negroid aliens who had suddenly made their way north… Read More

Exhibitions

Nubia Submerged In 2000, the Nubia Museum was enriched with a new gallery, located in the hall for the temporary exhibitions, as well as additions to the existing collection. The new gallery is currently hosting an exhibition of 168 40cmx40cm photos, enlarged from the originals, of the historical sites now under Lake Nasser, which is also where most of the objects in the museum come from. The exhibition is called ‘Nubia Submerged’. Promoted by the Italian Embassy in Cairo’s Scientific… Read More

Educational and Cultural Facilities

1- School visits: Activities: The educational department provides a series of activities for school children. Pottery workshops: children create potteries with the help of the educational staff. Basketry workshops: once a week, a facilitator comes to animate a children’s workshop on traditional basketry. Costume making: children can design and create historical costumes relating to the different periods represented in the museum collections. Theatre performances: children can create small plays and act in the open air theatre specially reserved for the… Read More

Music and dance: Singer / aut./comp.

Author:  Akendengue (Pierre-Claver) Origin:  Gabon Biography:  Pierre-Claver Akendengue was born in Awuta, in the Nengué Sika island of the Fernan-Vaz lagoon, in Gabon, on April 25, 1943. His childhood takes place in a peasant environment, cradled by the ebb and flow. waves on the shores of the island. He composed his first songs at the age of 14. After high school in Gabon he went to France and in 1967, he entered the Petit Conservatoire de Mireille in Paris for 3 years. He recorded his first… Read More

Music and dance: Singer / aut.

Author:  Makeba (Miriam) Origin:  South Africa Biography:  Miriam Makeba was born on March 4, 1932 in Johannesburg. In 1947, after the Bantu Education Act, which banned all non-white people from school after 16 years, she joined the group Cuban Brothers in Johannesburg, then the Manhattan Brothers, then the African Jazz and Variety in 1959 where she met the trumpet player Hugh Masekela, whom she will marry five years later. The same year she went to the USA where she sang at Madison Square Garden… Read More

Visual artist

Author: Hazoumè (Romuald) Origin: Benin ,   Date: 1962 – Materials: Biography: Born in 1962 in Porto-Novo in the Republic of Benin, Romuald Hazoumé is Yoruba of origin. At a very young age, he focused on enhancing the elements of his environment. After being a brilliant student, he practiced high level sport before embracing his career as a painter – sculptor. He was the first artist to transform the waste of his environment into works of art, expressing his personality and talent through several sculptures and masks made since… Read More

Painting: Painter

Author: Chéri Samba   Origin: DRC ,   Date: 1956 – Materials: Biography: Samba wa Mbimba Nzinga, aka Chéri Samba, was born on November 30, 1956 in Kinito-Mvuila in Bas-Zaire. His father, a blacksmith, wants his son to succeed him in the trade. But Cheri is doing literary studies but lack of support, he can not pursue them and moved to Kinshasa. Cheri introduces himself as an apprentice to the painter and draftsman Apuza whom he admires and is admitted to his studio. But the status of apprentice frustrates… Read More

Sculpture

J Amais topic has spilled much ink as traditional African sculpture 1 . It has been one of the masterpieces to measure the “civilization” of the black man and his ability to create, capacity variously appreciated throughout history until at the beginning of this century, cubism helping, unanimity begins to be made on the exceptional character of African sculptures that have always been confused with African art of which they are only a part, the most important probably, if one had to judge only… Read More

Architecture: House

Origin: Cameroon ,   Mousgoum Date: Description:  For three centuries, the Mousgoum have built their homes in the plains on the Cameroon / Chad border. The Mousgoum and their famous houses, called tolek in their language (Munjuk), have been known to the Western world since the 1850s at least, when the German explorer Heinrich Barth traveled to North and Central Africa. For Mousgoum, as for many cultures around the world, art and architecture have become important supports for maintaining, in tangible and visible forms, a knowledge of the… Read More

Architecture: Tombs

Origin: Uganda ,   Kasubi Date: Description:  The kasubi tombs 5 kilometers from Kampala are the place where four former kings of Buganda are buried: Mutesa I (1856-1884), Mwanga II (1884-1897), exiled to the Seychelles in 1899 where he died in 1903 , Chwa II (1897-1939), Mutesa II (1939-1966), exiled to England where he died in 1969 and buried in Kasubi in 1971. This historic site was also the former site of the royal palace of Buganda Kingdom. The site contains several domed buildings covered… Read More

Architecture: Stele

Origin: Ethiopia , Axum  Date: 3rd – 4th century Description:  The most famous remains of Axum, the legendary city of the Queen of Sheba, are the stelae or obelisks that stand together in a field. The largest, weighing 500 tons, would have reached 33 meters in height if it had not fallen. She lies on the ground in several pieces. There is a hole in the ground next to it on the site of another stele, which was removed and transported to Rome during the Italian occupation. The… Read More

Architecture: Bandiagara Cliff, Ireli Village

Origin: Mali ,   Dogon Date: Description:  Between the 13th and 14th centuries, the Dogons settled in a mountainous area southwest of the Niger Loop, divided into three zones: the cliff, the plateau and a strip of semi-desert plain. Essentially farmers, they managed to develop the smallest piece of land among the scree. They have developed a remarkable civilization based on a highly codified symbolism and on a cosmogony experienced daily, at the center of which there is always the human being. Anxious to protect themselves from… Read More

Architecture: Great Zimbabwe

Description:  Great Zimbabwe has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1986. The city stretches over 80 hectares in a valley and surrounding hills. The site is the largest group of ancient buildings in sub-Saharan Africa. It is composed of two sites dominated by the ruins of the hill where stands the acropolis , a true fortress with walls imbued with granite rocks. The ruins of the valley, home to the Grande Enceinte , represent a remarkable monumental ensemble, surrounded by a rampart 250 meters in… Read More

Architecture: Churches of Lalibela

Description:  In the IV th century, the royal power of Aksum adopted Christianity as its official religion. It is mainly between the XII th and XV th century, the territorial expansion of the Christian state, that Christianity spread in central Ethiopia. From this time dates an exceptional heritage of churches dug in the rock, related to the activity of the monks. When the Axumite empire collapsed in the XI th century, a new dynasty, the Zagwe dynasty took power and turned the Ethiopian capital of Axum in Roha. The best known of the… Read More