In the early 1960's, when Egypt built the High Dam at Aswan, Egyptologists
and archaeologists the world over heeded UNESCO's appeal to salvage
the monuments of Egyptian Nubia before the rising waters of Lake Nasser
submerged them forever. More than sixty expeditions ultimately joined
the "Nubian Rescue Campaign", which
resulted in the excavation and recording of hundreds of sites, the recovery
of thousands of objects, and the salvage and translocation of a number
of important temples to higher ground.
Due to the quantities of material recovered from tombs, temples and
settlements, UNESCO was encouraged in the 1980's to plan a new Nubian
museum in Aswan where the objects could be stored and exhibited. It
was universally felt at the time that they should be kept as close as
possible to their principal places of origin.
twelve years later, the Museum became a reality and opened its doors
in November 1997. It was designed by the late Egyptian architect Mahmoud
al-Hakim, and Mexican architect Pedro Vasquez Ramirez designed the museum's
interior display. The Museum won the Agha-Khan
Award of Architecture 2001.
The total area of the complex is 50,000 square meters: 7,000 allocated
for the building, and 43,000 for the grounds. The architecture of the
Museum and the enclosure walls are intended to evoke traditional Nubian
village architecture, as it was along the Nubian Nile before the region
was flooded by Lake Nasser.
The building is set within a landscape, on graded levels, that includes
a sequence of waterfalls. When the waterway reaches the lower part of
the garden, it divides into 2 branches to surround an open-air stage
and amphitheater where already many local and foreign groups have performed.
The remaining 43,000 sq. m. have been planted with palm trees, flowers,
and climbing plants, spread over natural rocks. An outdoor exhibit is
planned for the garden, but at the moment only a small section is ready.
The project is a beautiful resolution of a long-awaited dream.